Социальный конструкционизм: социальные проблемы как выдвижение требований (часть 1) / Пер. с англ. И. Г. Ясавеева

Питер Ибарра, Майкл Адорьян

Ссылка при цитировании


Ибарра П., Адорьян М. Социальный конструкционизм: социальные проблемы как выдвижение требований (часть 1) / Пер. с англ. И. Г. Ясавеева // Социология: методология, методы, математическое моделирование (4М), 2019. № 48. C. 143-182.

Аннотация


Предлагаемый обзор социального конструкционизма начинается с рассмотрения влиятельной работы Малькольма Спектора и Джона Китсьюза, вызвавшей целый ряд исследований «конструирования» социальных проблем. Обсуждаются последовавшие эпистемологические и методологические дискуссии и рассматриваются три ключевые научные работы, способствующие пониманию типичной аналитической практики в конструкционистском ключе. Эти примеры высвечивают идею, согласно которой «понимание пониманий», не связанное с концепциями объективных условий, имеет важное значение для осуществления конструкционистского анализа. Завершается статья обсуждением трех многообещающих направлений конструкционистских исследований социальных проблем, а именно: 1) изучения киберпространства, вклю-чая социальные медиа, как новой важной площадки для конструирования социальных проблем, 2) анализа конструирования социальных проблем – выдвижения требований – в национальных контекстах за пределами англосаксонского глобального Севера, особенно в странах, не соответствующих либерально-демократическим предположениям, из которых обычно исходит конструкционизм, 3) более широкого понимания повседневных социальных пространств и форм, в которых создаются социальные проблемы.

Ключевые слова


конструкционизм; социальные проблемы; выдвижение требований; девиантность; риторика; дискурс; медиа; киберпространство; блогосфера

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